Philosophy 101

It is thus a form of consequentialism, meaning that the moral worth of an action is determined only by its resulting outcome, and that one can only weigh the morality of an action after knowing all its consequences.

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Below, please find general information on this course and its requirements. Stoics presented their philosophy as a way of life, and they thought that the best indication of an individual's philosophy was not what a person said but how they behaved.

The logical form of a proposition is a way of representing it often using the formal grammar and symbolism of a logical system to display its similarity with all other propositions of the same type. Arguments may take a wide variety of forms; they may be linked with or dependent on other arguments, but they always proceed from a set of assumptions and attempt to establish a conclusion.

Continental philosophy has an emphasis on metaphilosophy. Idealism maintains that the ultimate nature of reality is based on the mind or ideas. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the [video source page] http: After all, you should expect to receive what you give.

Philosophy 101: The Basic Theories You Should Know

However, Hume found that there seems to be a significant difference between descriptive statements about what is and prescriptive or normative statements about what ought to beand it is not obvious how we can get from making descriptive statements to prescriptive.

Political Philosophy — is the study of concepts such as liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of a legal code by authority: Essentially, it involves one person presenting a hypothesis about something. Cosmology and ontology are the two traditional branches of metaphysics.

Oct 29, Joshie rated it liked it Recommended to Joshie by: Philosophy can be - and has been - defined in many different ways by many different thinkers.

Philosophy 101

Studying and reading this text should take approximately 4 hours. Is-Ought Problem - as articulated by Scottish philosopher David Hume, is that many writers make claims about what ought to be on the basis of statements about what is. It may, however, be more accurate to say that compatibilists define free will in a way that allows it to co-exist with determinism.

Compatibilists maintain that determinism is compatible with free will. In this sense, analytic philosophy makes specific philosophical commitments: We need to be open to shifting that perception if we ever want to make contact with reality.

Definitions are generally taken from Wikipedia where proper sources are cited. Where do we come from?This item: Philosophy by Socrates: An Introduction to Philosophy via Plato's Apology by Peter Kreeft Paperback $ In Stock. Ships from and sold by Philosophy From Plato and Socrates to Ethics and Metaphysics, an Essential Primer on the History of Thought (Adams ) [Paul Kleinman] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Discover the world's greatest thinkers and their groundbreaking notions! Too often, textbooks turn the noteworthy theories/5(79). PHILOSOPHY INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE NOTES. Lecture 1: Social/Political Philosophy – Theory of justice or how best to run a state (What is the best form of government?

Do people have rights?) 6. Aesthetics – Theory of beauty. PHIL Introduction to Philosophy Unit 1: What Is Philosophy? What is philosophy all about, and why should we study it? The second question is easier to answer than the first.

Studying philosophy gives us insight into the world and our place within it and thus provides us with a guide for conducting our lives. Understood as the history of.

Philosophy is about, or at least what people THINK it's about. What we can glean from these definitions is that Philosophy is a kind of conversation about important questions, much of which is focused on human existence. But more specifically, we can divide Philosophy into major groups of questions that we can call the "sub-disciplines" of Philosophy.

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Philosophy 101
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